# Lesson 2 Skills Practice Relations

Along with your textbook, daily homework, and class notes, the completed Skills Practice Workbookcan help you review for quizzes and tests. Lesson 2 Problem-Solving Practice Ratios For Exercises 1-3, use the figure below. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice. 6-1 Skills Practice Graphing Systems of Equations Use the graph at the right to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is DATE PERIOD y = 1+4 If it has one solution, name it. exterior angle 1, 4, 6 2. If so, write the similarity = −2 5 6. Home e-Catalog Support Home. We publish thousands of books and journals each year, serving scholars, instructors, and professional communities worldwide. 2 Skills Practice page 6 Use the formula for compound interest to determine the amount of money in each account after interest is accrued. diameter = 15. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Lesson 2 Skills Practice. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice. From this, they will be able to study the repeating-decimal phenomenon of rational numbers and explore the system property of irrationality of numbers, such as 2. collections_bookmark Use the table below to find videos, mobile apps, worksheets and lessons that supplement Glencoe Math Course 3. Share My Lesson members contribute content, share ideas, get educated on the topics that matter, online, 24/7. the shift from text as a linguistic object to text as a vehicle of information (Johns & Davies, 1983), and 2. TELEVISION Alton pays $48 per month for satellite television service. 96kb; Algebra 2 1. 1$0( bbbbbb '$7( 3(5,2' (qulfk )xqfwlrq 5xohv dqg 'rw 3dwwhuqv )xqfwlrq uxohv duh riwhq xvhg wr ghvfuleh jhrphwulf sdwwhuqv ,q wkh sdwwhuq dw wkh uljkw iru h[dpsoh gr. Skills Practice Write a function and make a function table. Pluralsight gives you confidence you have the right tech skills to move your strategy forward. word problem. 2 Practice 2 Date_____ Period____ Simplify. 2 Constructivism in Practice and Theory: Toward a Better Understanding Abstract Although constructivism is a concept that has been embraced my many teachers over the past 15 years, the meanings that are attached to this term are varied and often inadequately understood. These involve 2–3 hour sessions in which children engage in recreational activities that integrate many of the forms of social skills intervention. Write your answer using exponents. Sometimes it can send signals stronger than words. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice. Lesson 2 Homework Practice Ratios 1. Graph the ordered pairs. To get the students excited and ready for the lesson, tell the students a story about your family. 6 The Quadratic Formula and the Discriminant 5. Are you an elementary (CEFR level A2) learner of English? Practise and improve your listening skills with these listenings and exercises. Find the measure of each angle. , then it is time for dinner. L11: Equations for Proportional Relationships 97 Part 2: Guided Instruction Connect It Now you will solve the problem from the previous page. Each author usually chooses the notation he or she wishes to use. Over the course of 2-3 class periods, young chemists have the opportunity to gain a thorough understanding of metals and their chemical properties from a variety of. The political theory of socialism, which gave rise to communism, had been around for hundreds of years by the time a German philosopher named Karl Marx put pen to paper. Printable in convenient PDF format. Guided Lesson Explanation - I always like to break down the proportions to the simplest form. Many teachers use it as their social skills curriculum (see the reviews by parents, teachers, kids, teachers, and professional organizations on the home page of this site). Leave part of the appropriate responses blank for the learners to fill in on their own response. One way we can help children to learn and develop social skills is by using interactive games. com, distributive property lesson plan, radical equation solver, algebra 1 mcdougal littell answers, help with geometry radicals, decimal to radical convertor. 37: Practice: p. • Lesson 2-1 Analyze relations and functions. Play "Put the days in order" 3. Practice Videos. algebra from scratch. It is ideal for high school students, but can be used where appropriate. CAREER SKILLS – Self Development. Better yet, if we play along with this idea and our students, it can become a sort of observational race within each learner. Use for fast finishers, homework assignments, or for something different in your classroom. Value of Term 4. Then determine the domain and range. With your new skills you will be able to put together mathematical models so you can find good quality solutions to many tricky real world situations. answer: 1, 0 , 1, 2 Reteach 1-6 Relations and Functions (continued) LESSON Draw a vertical line. In our first lesson we will cover the 4-5-6-+ row. This course is designed for everyone, regardless of education, experience, or background. Write and solve an equation to find the time it will take to fly from London to Montreal, a distance of approximately 3300 miles. 6 2a 1 2 6. Managing An Angry Person. Flashcards. Routledge is the world's leading academic publisher in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Lesson 2,. Along with your textbook, daily homework, and class notes, the completed Word Problem Practice Workbookcan help you in reviewing for quizzes and tests. Some of the worksheets displayed are Use the a word from the box to complete each sentence, Spatial concepts and relationships early skills with, Spatial reasoning for young learners, Spatial relationships making a connection lesson at a glance, Different ways of following directions, Visual perception, Mechanical. Practice Algebra 1Lesson 4-2 Practice 4-2 Relations and Functions Name Class Date Find the domain and range of each relation. The faucet is turned on and fills the tub at a rate of 5. We provide teachers well-written, inventive, and free resources that enhance their practice and inspire their classrooms. Order of operation worksheets, understanding graph relations, prentice hall algebra 1 answers, solving inequalities calculator, graph inequalities on computer. 2 years ago, I went to Phutubburk,Thailand. Glencoe algebra 2 teachers edition, 7th grade algebra practice problems, harcourt "key code", how to calculate roots over roots, pizzazz math answers, 10th grade home school lesson plans. Created Date: 2/6/2013 12:46:51 AM. f(x) = −6 x 7 15. 57–58 Interactive Chalkboard, CD-ROM, Lesson 2-1 algebra2. These provide computational practice at a basic level. 37: Practice: p. Practice: SkillsThere is one master for each lesson. These worksheets are also available to students at www. Test and Worksheet Generators for Math Teachers. 8th Grade Civics Lesson Plans. f(x) = 2x + 3 15. We suggest teaching and practicing these skills in session, and then providing this DBT worksheet to clients as a take-home reminded of what they've learned. Assume that no denominator equals zero. The Key Skills Of A Public Relations - It is hard to narrow down three key skills that a public relations (PR) practitioner needs in order to be successful. This criterion-referenced checklist may be used yearly, beginning at the age of 14, to assess child’s level of performance in the twenty-four critical employability skill areas identified by Ohio’s Employability Skills Project. In this lesson, students will make bar graphs and interpret data using real-life data from other students. Lesson 1 - Functions (2 Hours): Essential Questions and understanding relations and linear functions as they develop much deeper or Skill - Not for the. Video created by Case Western Reserve University for the course "Inspiring Leadership through Emotional Intelligence". As an administrative assistant, you practice interpersonal communication in a variety of ways, ranging from one-on-one to communicating in a group. LessonPlans. 10 s: The sum of the measures of complementary angles is 90°. Authored by: Sherri Williams 2007. 3: Exploring the Cosine Law, pp. Lesson Resources: 5. diameter = 15. The club is at the heart of your journey. What area on the map is most likely affecting the water at point "x"? APasture BCorn Field CSewage Treatment Plant DFactory X flow of river. ptw2014 ingc speaking skill teacher using song putri hefni nazifah hasibuan. Unit 5 for my Algebra 1 kiddos is an introduction to relations and functions. a ray with endpoint A that passes through B 8. Skills PracticeThere is one master for each lesson. LESSON Practice A 5-2 Bisectors of Triangles Fill in the blanks to complete each definition or theorem. Promote perceptual and motor skills at the preschool level with matching games that require your child to place like items together. If y = -30 when x = 15, what is the value of x when y = 60? 12. My goal with this unit is to review pre-algebra concepts such as ordered pairs and graphing points on the coordinate plane and emphasize vocabulary. Answer Key Chapter 5 Lesson 5. Life skills Competencies – General [These have been adapted for Personal hygiene. Friendship - Conflict Resolution. CONSTRUCTION The diagram shows an example of the Pratt Truss used in bridge construction. ) Upon the Clouds of Equality Grades: K through 2. Where P 1 is the pressure at point 1, ρ is the density of the fluid, v 1 is the velocity of the fluid at point 1, g is the acceleration due to gravity, h 1 is the elevation of point 1, P 2 is the pressure at point 2, v 2 is the velocity of the fluid at point 2, and h 2 is the elevation of point 2. Lesson 2-1 NAME DATE PERIOD PDF Pass Chapter 2 7 Glencoe Algebra 2 2-1 State the domain and range of each relation. Math Skills Practice. For this problem, we will use the first method. notebook 3 September 25, 2014 Example 1 State the domain and range of the relation. In one of the questions on the survey, I am interested in asking the consultant to select, from a list of soft skills, the 5 that are most important in statistical consulting. 3 units right 2. Riding an Elevator. Examples of division compensation. Domain Range 100 200 300 50 100 150 Domain Range 2. The curriculum introduces algebraic topics, skills, and concepts. x y x y x y The graph is continuous. y O x-1-2-21-1 2 1 2 B C A D y O x y. NAME DATE PERIOD Lesson 9-6 Chapter 9 37 Glencoe Algebra 1 Skills Practice Analyzing Functions with Successive Differences 9-6 Graph each set of ordered pairs. To select and download a lesson onto your desktop, simply select the lesson you want. 2 Constructivism in Practice and Theory: Toward a Better Understanding Abstract Although constructivism is a concept that has been embraced my many teachers over the past 15 years, the meanings that are attached to this term are varied and often inadequately understood. You can solve this problem either (1) by simplifying the numerator and denominator separately and then simplifying the result or (2) by using the distributive property. Internet Safety & Courtesy. Students drive their own learning through inquiry, as well as work collaboratively to research and create projects that reflect their knowledge. everyday world. For example:. To obtain a better command of the English language (or any other language), expand your vocabulary by reading and writing more. Practice Answer a few questions on each word on this list. Practice There is one master for each lesson. Homepage of the European Language Portfolio (ELP) website. Each question is a chance to learn. The right index finger will control the 4 key. LESSON 7-3 Practice B Logarithmic Functions Write each exponential equation in logarithmic form. If y = 42 when x = 15, what is the value of x when y = 70? Lesson 3 Skills Practice Equations in y = mx Form Direct variation. radius = 8. Included in your subscription are a mix of editable PPT modules, starter activities, printable lesson resources and already sourced relevant video clips that should cover the major exam board topics. Students begin by examining ways people cope with stress and distinguish between positive and negative reactions. all segments that intersect GH −−−. Practice Questions and Answers from Lesson III-2: Perfect Competition Practice Questions and Answers from Lesson III-2: Perfect Competition. Below you will find different formats and examples of each. This test includes a good mix of both mastery questions and questions that test conceptual understanding. The more and more you go to the gym and practice this skill, the better you will. 2 Objective(s): To determine whether a relation is a function, and to find domain and range and use. Public speaking is a highly sought after skill -- in fact, if you want to be an executive with your company, an author, a salesperson, a trainer or any other public-facing professional, you're. In contrast, the Problem-Solving Investigation worksheets include a model strategy on the Reteach worksheets and provide problems requiring several alternate strategies on the Homework Practice and Skills Practice worksheets. Lesson 2 Skills Practice. Case Study: BP Oil Spill Background. Use an equation in two variables to model a relation and represent graphically[Lesson 6. all segments that are parallel to AB −− 3. LESSON 4-1 Practice A Graphing Relationships For each, write if the height is rising, falling, or staying the same. For materials to start a lesson study community, check out these resources by Makoto Yoshida, whose 1999 dissertation brought the practice to the attention of U. Identify the independent and dependent variables for each relation. 4, Other relations have some of. The lesson will include continuation of days lesson and guided practice- usually follow along with Everyday Math Journal Practice Pages Individual Students complete Everyday Math Journal- Math Boxes and coordinating Practice Pages, Skill Link pages or individual worksheet practice. x y x y x y The graph is continuous. Relaxation Strategies. These worksheets are also available to students at www. These are great tips for those who are trying to master their skills which are highly valuable. For Lesson 4-1 Solve Equations Solve each equation. This lesson will show you how. let x = -2 let y = -3 the point (-2,-3) is 2 units of measure to the left of x = 0, and 3 units of measure below y = 0 an equation for a line that passes through these 2 points would be: Both these points will be on that line. READING – Transitional Words and Phrases: Showing Relationships Within and Between Sentences rev. Algebra 2 - Honors 3 Statement of Purpose This course of study has been designed for the Algebra 2 course. When working with literal equations, you have to be given an additional piece of information other than simply being given a formula. He could practice saying it to Dad, Grandma, siblings, the babysitter, anyone that is around. Over 400 Gizmos aligned to the latest standards help educators bring powerful new learning experiences to the classroom. Give the coordinates of the translated point. They graph the function and its inverse. Body language is controlled by your subconscious mind, so a reader can actually understand if there’s a difference in what you are saying and thinking. Lesson Resources: 5. Then check your solution. These problems more closely follow the structure of the Practice. Among the most important algebraic relations are functions. grade 9 math formulas. Review these skills before beginning Chapter 4. f(x) = x + 6 11. Then explain its. Printable in convenient PDF format. {(3, −4), (2, 0), ( 4, 1), (0, 3)} xy 10. Spatial Relations. Interactive questions, awards, and certificates keep kids motivated as they master skills. The materials are organized by chapter and lesson, with one Skills Practice worksheet for every lesson in Glencoe Math Connects, Course 2. s 6 s s 6 6 s 7. From gleaning new, viable technology skills, to becoming proficient communicators and advanced problem solvers, students benefit from this approach to instruction. Language Arts Reading & Writing. Lesson 2 Skills Practice Area of Circles Find the area of each circle. Interactive Brainwave Games - Set 1. Extra Credit: Must show work and have parents check and sign!. 35: Practice: p. WHEN TO USE These masters can be used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. m 6 Find each measure. Due to the variety of courses City Lit offers, most departments do not have a standard format for lesson plans and schemes of work. Find the measure of each angle. Faculty provide instruction in the ethical standards that undergird [the discipline of psychology] and model this behavior across professional settings. Lesson 2,. Share My Lesson is a destination for educators who dedicate their time and professional expertise to provide the best education for students everywhere. Find the ratio of shaded sections to striped sections. il is a fun educational website dedicated to helping you build reading, phonics, or English language skills. 2 Extra Practice Lesson 8. What is the completely simplified equivalent of 2 5 i? A 5 12 i B 5 12 i C 5 13 i D 5 13 i objective 2. Offering educational products and services, assessment, and professional development for all stages of learning. Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Skills Practice Relations and Functions Lesson 2-1 Determine whether each relation is a function. f(x) = x + 6 11. Ideas within the baseball pages include: math activities, baseball history, journal activities, and lesson plans. OER Commons is a dynamic digital library and network. Algebra I Module 3: Linear and Exponential Functions. a line PQ that intersects plane. This could be the play-place at McDonalds, a park. y = 3x - 2 Determine whether each pair of functions are inverse functions. Then determine whether the relation is a function. Fold Cut Tabs into Margin Cut and Staple Label Graphing Relations and FunctionsMake this Foldable to help you organize your notes. : For use with pages 495-501 Simplify the expression. K-12 Core Lesson Plans - lesson plans tied to the Utah State Core. OER Commons is a dynamic digital library and network. Algebra I Module 3: Linear and Exponential Functions. Then determine. Chapter 2 Skills Practice. Find the ratio of pink stripes to green stripes. Honing a solid set of essential skills makes for an effective, successful mental health practitioner. Many children need more than unstructured free time to master social skills. The activities addressed in this action step are more applicable to procedural knowledge—skills, strategies, and processes. PBISWorld Tier 2 interventions are more targeted and individualized behavior strategies. Make a table of ordered pairs in which the x-coordinate represents the number of months and the y-coordinate represents the total cost for 1, 2, 3, or 4 months. Printable in convenient PDF format. 5b - 3 = 4b + 1 59. IXL is the world's most popular subscription-based learning site. 9 9 x w x y w 9 y Evaluate each expression. The home row of the keyboard is the most important to the touch-typist. Skills Practice Solving Equations by Using Multiplication and Division Lesson 3-3 Solve each equation. If the carton is full, then there are 12 eggs. This lesson. Lesson 2 Skills Practice Area of Circles Find the area of each circle. Look up your strongest skills in O*NET to see which occupations match. all segments that intersect GH −−−. Always keep your workbook handy. (For review, see pages 737 and 738. 2 Definition Public relations is the management function that establishes and maintains mutually beneficial relationships between an organization and the publics on whom its success or failure depends. For more information regarding Customized Programs, please contact Dan McCray at [email protected] Use the Skills Matcher to create a list of your skills and match them to careers that use those skills. Part way through their journey they agreed to be filmed, in order to share progress being made. What Is Spatial Intelligence? Spatial intelligence, also known as visual spatial intelligence or spatial reasoning, is the ability to imagine or visualize in one's mind the positions of objects, their shapes, their spatial relations to one another and the movement they make to form new spatial relations. Interpersonal skills are the skills used by a person to interact with others properly. • Lessons 2-2 and 2-4 Identify, graph, and write linear equations. 1− 3 n 4 n −1 3 n 4 4 10. Free worksheet(pdf) and answer key on Inverse Functions--identify, write and express the inverse of functions based on graphs, tables, order pairs and more. Read more and listen to the podcast here. 2 Name _____ Date _____ Making Punch Ratios, Rates, and Mixture Problems Vocabulary Write the definition of each term in your own words. When at rest the fingers of the typist's right hand are positioned, lightly, on the 4-5-6-+ keys. g(x) = 2x - 8 g(x) = -2x g(x) = −7 x 6 h(x) = −1 x 2 + 4 16. Some of the worksheets displayed are Lesson inductive reasoning, Reteach and skills practice, Name date period lesson 2 skills practice, Name date period 7 1 skills practice, Skills practice for lesson 2, Chapter 7, Answers lesson 2 1 7 glencoe algebra 1, Proofreading revising editing skills success. 2 Find Slope and Rate of Change Lesson 2. You will also gain a deeper insight into Mathematics, get to practice using your new skills with lots of examples and questions, and generally improve your mind. 25 f 1 x 2 1 01 2 Complete the tables. Graph the ordered pairs. everyday world. This Skills Practice: Inverse Functions and Relations Worksheet is suitable for - Higher Ed. The political theory of socialism, which gave rise to communism, had been around for hundreds of years by the time a German philosopher named Karl Marx put pen to paper. The graph is continuous. all planes that are parallel to plane DEH 2. WHEN TO USE These masters can be used with students who have weaker mathematics backgrounds or need additional reinforcement. Soccer Balls Step-by-step Lesson- Is the price of soccer balls proportional to the number of balls? Guided Lesson - We practice with data tables. Lesson 2 Skills Practice. Skills Practice Write a function and make a function table. The better you are able to express yourself, the better your ability to communicate. Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation. 1 Represent Relations and Functions Lesson 2. Free Algebra 2 Worksheets. Grade 10 math Here is a list of all of the math skills students learn in grade 10! These skills are organized into categories, and you can move your mouse over any skill name to preview the skill. These provide computational practice at a basic level. Recognize literal, inferential, and evaluative comprehension skills in familiar text. 6-1 Skills Practice Graphing Systems of Equations Use the graph at the right to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is DATE PERIOD y = 1+4 If it has one solution, name it. Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more. The schools represented in these videos have all been involved in the England-China Exchange project within the Maths Hubs Programme and are starting to embed a teaching for mastery approach. Ways to Improve English Listening Skills and Practice] FIGURE. Test and Worksheet Generators for Math Teachers. We launched this beta version of the site based on feedback from our site visitors. x 2 1 012 f x 4 2 1 0. Along with your textbook, daily homework, and class notes, the completed Word Problem Practice Workbookcan help you in reviewing for quizzes and tests. The way the equation is originally presented, we say that the equation is solved for A. Practice This master closely follows the types of problems found in the Exercises section of the Student Edition and includes word problems. activity 2 roots of american democracy, chapter 1 2 3 reteaching activity answer key, reteaching activity, chapter reteaching activity the french revolution begins, history, reteach and skills practice. temperature of underground rocks in Lesson 2-2. NAME DATE PERIOD Lesson 2-8 Chapter 2 51 Glencoe Geometry 2 3 Q P R S T 2-8 Skills Practice Proving Angle Relationships Statements Reasons a. Each question in the first three subtests of the practice test is a multiple-choice test question in Reading Comprehension, Language Arts (Grammar and Writing), or Mathematics. 7 Use Absolute Value Functions and Transformations Lesson 2. Middle school teachers will love the math worksheets that will excite, enrich, challenge, and instruct kids in your class. Skills Practice Skills Practice for Lesson 2. Here students learn an introduction to customer service and the various related terminology and vocabulary. Success is the sum of small efforts, repeated day in and day out. 4 tulips to 6 daffodils 3. The right middle finger will control the 5 key. 1 1} 4 22-24. This skill takes practice as well as confidence and can be tremendously valuable. With division compensation, you can divide or multiply both divisor and dividend by the same number. Spatial Relations. 4 , Lesson 4. • Lesson 2-3 Find the slope of a line. 54 seconds which is when the ball reached the ground (x-axis). ABOUT THE WEBSITE. 4y 12 16 4. Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Skills Practice Relations and Functions Lesson 2-1 Determine whether each relation is a function. Skills Practice This master focuses more on the computational nature of the lesson. Teach global competency in your classroom with lesson plans focus on cultural understanding and 21st century skills. Predict long-run price from ATC. He could practice saying it to Dad, Grandma, siblings, the babysitter, anyone that is around. Name _ Date _ Practice B. algebra 1 and 2 books. Lesson 2: Lesson 2 - Complex Fractions Skill Quantile Measure Resources; Identify relations as directly proportional, linear, or nonlinear using rules, tables. ∠11 In the figure, m∠3 = 75 and m∠10. f(x) = x - 1 14. 56–62) Day 1: Graph Relations Objective Analyze and graph relations. I think that these sports are very interesting. all segments that are parallel to AB −− 3. This lesson discusses how your desire to share thoughts and ideas create the first part of communication and how you create the second part when you listen, interpret, and react to feedback. The political theory of socialism, which gave rise to communism, had been around for hundreds of years by the time a German philosopher named Karl Marx put pen to paper. glencoe algebra 2. Name all the angles that fit the definition of each vocabulary word. 638 Chapter 10 Skills Practice 10 Lesson 10. Then determine the. 8 Skills Practice: Inverse Functions and Relations Worksheet is suitable for 10th - Higher Ed. Give your child this printable reading practice test on phonics, grammar, and more. Fold Cut Tabs into Margin Cut and Staple Label Graphing Relations and FunctionsMake this Foldable to help you organize your notes. Whether you decide to make your budget bare bones or detailed to the last dollar, the most important part of budgeting is to put it into practice. 75 Expression t 5. These provide computational practice at a basic level. The children will be practicing their recall of the multiplication facts while playing cards! Beat the Wheel- This lesson provides an opportunity for students to practice multiplication facts in a large group setting. Take your time, use a pencil and paper to help. This lesson introduces students to the philosophy of nonviolence and the teachings of Mohandas K. f(x) = 5x - 5 g(x) = 1 - x g(x) = −1 (2 x - 3) g(x) = −1 x 5 + 1 16. Practice There is one master for each lesson. How to derive and solve equations from worded quadratic problems. Round to the nearest tenth. They also need guidance about which social behaviors to emulate. 5 t0 8 Demo Lesson; This is my most comprehensive free lesson on Writing Task 2. Lesson 5 Homework Practice Graph Ratio Tables Graph and label each point on the coordinate plane at the right. Each question is a chance to learn. Skills Practice This master focuses more on the computational nature of the lesson. Be sure to have students record how many numbers they needed to look at before correctly guessing the function structure. Write the ratio as a fraction in simplest form. xy 12 24 36 4. The Media Relations Handbook, 2e is required reading for Capitol Hill press secretaries, federal agency public affairs officers, political campaign spin doctors, public affairs officers (PAOs), public information officers (PIOs), nonprofit PR professionals, lobbyists or anyone involved. Many students in this class struggle with written communication skills. Teaching hints 4. Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 4 Resource Masters offer a wide variety of. • Lesson 2-3 Find the slope of a line. Share My Lesson is a destination for educators who dedicate their time and professional expertise to provide the best education for students everywhere. Once the map is complete, the CTE and math teacher teams, working in communities of practice, select from within it one or more CTE concepts and related math concepts to develop into CTE lesson plans. Write yes or no. 21st Century Skills Audience Awareness Audiolingual Skills Basic Skills Communication (Thought Transfer) Communication Strategies Credibility Daily Living Skills Deaf Interpreting Expressive Language Inferences Intimacy Language Skills Manual Communication Metacognition Nonverbal Communication Oral Communication Method Receptive Language Social. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: